Tight Integration of Feature-based Relocalization in Monocular Direct Visual Odometry


In this paper we propose a framework for integrating map-based relocalization into online direct visual odometry. To achieve map-based relocalization for direct methods, we integrate image features into Direct Sparse Odometry (DSO) and rely on feature matching to associate online visual odometry (VO) with a previously built map. The integration of the relocalization poses is threefold. Firstly, they are treated as pose priors and tightly integrated into the direct image alignment of the front-end tracking. Secondly, they are also tightly integrated into the back-end bundle adjustment. An online fusion module is further proposed to combine relative VO poses and global relocalization poses in a pose graph to estimate keyframe-wise smooth and globally accurate poses. We evaluate our method on two multi-weather datasets showing the benefits of integrating different handcrafted and learned features and demonstrating promising improvements on camera tracking accuracy.

IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)